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Synthesis of metal-fluoride nanoparticles on graphite oxide


November 2017

by Alexa Schmitz, Kai Schütte, Vesko Ilievski, Juri Barthel, Laura Burk, Rolf Mülhaupt, Junpei Yue, Bernd Smarsly, and Christoph Janiak

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Metal-fluoride nanoparticles, (MFx-NPs) with M = Fe, Co, Pr, Eu, supported on different types of thermally reduced graphite oxide (TRGO) were obtained by microwave-assisted thermal decomposition of transition-metal amidinates, (M{MeC[N(iPr)]2}n) or [M(AMD)n] with M = Fe(II), Co(II), Pr(III), and tris(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionato)europium, Eu(dpm)3, in the presence of TRGO in the ionic liquid (IL) 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([BMIm][BF4]).

The crystalline phases of the metal fluorides synthesised in [BMIm][BF4] were identified by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) to be MF2 for M = Fe, Co and MF3 for M = Eu, Pr. The diameters and size distributions of MFx@TRGO were from (6 ± 2) to (102 ± 41) nm.

Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used for further characterisation of the MFx-NPs. Electrochemical investigations of the FeF2-NPs@TRGO as cathode material for lithium-ion batteries were evaluated by galvanostatic charge/discharge profiles. The results indicate that the FeF2-NPs@TRGO as cathode material can present a specific capacity of 500 mAh/g at a current density of 50 mA/g, including a significant interfacial charge storage contribution. The obtained nanomaterials show a good rate capacity as well (220 mAh/g and 130 mAh/g) at a current density of 200 and 500 mA/g, respectively.

Further reading:

Alexa Schmitz, Kai Schütte, Vesko Ilievski, Juri Barthel, Laura Burk, Rolf Mülhaupt, Junpei Yue, Bernd Smarsly, and Christoph Janiak:
Synthesis of metal-fluoride nanoparticles supported on thermally reduced graphite oxide, Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 8 (2017) 2474–2483.


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