Current scientific studies and projects of particular significance.
CO2-Abscheidung, -Speicherung und -Nutzung: Technische, wirtschaftliche, umweltseitige und gesellschaftliche Perspektive
Advances in Systems Analysis 2
|Kuckshinrichs, W.; Hake, J.-F. (Hrsg.)|
Energy & Environment, Volume 164, ISBN 978-3-89336-850-1
A range of national and international energy scenarios highlight CCS technologies as an important option to reduce energy-related and process-induced CO2 emissions. Some components of CCS technologies are available. Nevertheless, up-scaling and further improvement of technologies to deploy for power plants is necessary. This includes increase of efficiency, decrease of environmental impacts, long-term secure storage, reduction of investment costs, and use of CO2. The intensities of national and international R&D activities are high. In Germany in particular the transport and storage of CO2 in geological formations is controversially discussed.
Against this background an Integrated Technology Study to clearing and assessing the technical, economic, environmental and societal perspectives is imperative. IEK-STE of Forschungszentrum Juelich (Germany) presents this study on CCS, based on the expertise of its interdisciplinary team consisting of engineers, economists, and social and political scientists, as well as on the contributions from Technical University Aachen and Geoforschungszentrum Potsdam.
Research on acceptance of CCS in Germany
|Katja Pietzner and Diana Schumann (Eds.)|
2012 Oekom, München, oekom verlag, Gesellschaft für ökologische Kommunikation mbH, ISBN 978-3-86581-397-8
Technologies for CO2 capture and storage (CCS) are an option for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. However, whether the potential of CCS as climate change mitigation strategy will be used in Germany depends particularly on whether CCS will be generally and locally accepted by the public.
The present publication provides an overview of relevant research approaches and results of scientific studies on the acceptance of CCS in Germany. Simultaneously it presents the results of a workshop at the Wuppertal Institute and provides insights into the challenges for the practical application of research results and for the future research on technology acceptance.
Grid integration of electric vehicles in existing and future energy supply systems (acronym: NET-ELAN)
|J. Linssen, A. Schulz, S. Mischinger, H. Maas, C. Günther, O. Weinmann, E. Abbasi, S. Bickert, M. Danzer, W. Hennings, E. Lindwedel, S. Marker, V. Schindler, A. Schmidt, P. Schmitz, B. Schott, K. Strunz, P. Waldowski|
Book series of Forschungszentrums Jülich, Energy & Environment, Volume 150, ISBN 978-3-89336-811-2
|The research project funded by the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology examines whether a fleet of vehicles with electric propulsion system (xEV) can be integrated into existing and future energy supply systems for effective integration of fluctuating power production as well as for energy storage. To answer this question a multi-sectoral scenario analysis is performed to evaluate the grid integration of electric vehicles. The effect of an xEV fleet and the impacts of various battery charging scenarios, including the option of feeding power back into the grid, are addressed by detailed technical and economic models and summarized by an energy system model. The results of the study are published in German language under the book series of the Forschungszentrum Juelich, Energy & Environment and can be downloaded: Link to document|
Partners of the research projects are
• Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Institut für Energie- und Klimaforschung, Systemforschung und Technologische Entwicklung (IEK-STE) (project coordination),
• Technische Universität Berlin, Institut für Land- und Seeverkehr (ILS), Fachgebiet Kraftfahrzeuge (KFZ),
• Universität Berlin, Fakultät Elektrotechnik und Informatik, Fachgebiet Sustainable Electric Networks and Sources of Energy (SENSE),
• Ford Forschungszentrum Aachen GmbH (FFA),
• Zentrum für Sonnenenergie- und Wasserstoff-Forschung Baden-Württemberg (ZSW) Fachgebiet: Akkumulatoren und
• Vattenfall Europe Innovation GmbH and in its order of Pöyry Management Consulting
Transformation of the power generation system with forced exit from nuclear energy
-A contribution to the discussion of sustainable energy systems based on the reactor accident in Fukushima-
Markewitz, P.; Kuckshinrichs, W.; Hake, J.-Fr.; Fischer, W. Bongartz, R.; Martinsen, D.; Pesch, T.; Vögele, S.
Forschungszentrum Jülich Institute of Energy Research - Systems Analysis and Technology Evaluation (IEK-STE) D-52425 Jülich, Germany
|In the present study we discuss different scenarios for German electricity supply to phase out nuclear energy. The scenarios differ in the dynamics for substitution of nuclear energy, therefore representing differently challenging transformation approaches for the German energy system. The study works out a set of measures contributing to substitute nuclear-based electricity and to ensure adequate generation capacities especially for difficult load situations in summer or winter. The measures comprise reserve capacities, new capacities and imports, focusing on short-term and mid-term options. For these short-term and mid-term measures for electricity supply an impact analysis comprises resulting CO2 emissions, challenges for the grid, and economic impacts concerning energy technology investment for electricity generation, possible price developments for electricity consumption, profits for power suppliers, and budgetary results for nuclear fuel tax in Germany. Additionally, considering long-term developments the study focuses on a cost-minimal strategy for substituting nuclear energy for the total energy system in Germany. Keeping in mind the climate protection targets of the German government, it comes out that mainly households and industry should further increase its CO2 reduction efforts in order to replace possible increase of CO2 emissions from the generation sector. PDF: Research Report 06/2011|
Demography and Infrastructure
Demography and Infrastructure, National and Regional Aspects of Demographic Change
Kronenberg, Tobias; Kuckshinrichs, Wilhelm (Eds.)
|Population ageing has been going on for many decades, but population shrinking is a rather new phenomenon. The population of Germany, as in many other countries, has passed a plateau and is currently shrinking. Demographic change is a challenge for infrastructure planning due to the longevity of infrastructure capital and the need to match supply and demand in order to ensure cost-efficiency. This book summarises the findings of the INFRADEM project team, a multidisciplinary research group that worked together to estimate the effects of demographic change on infrastructure demand.|
Economists, engineers and geographers present studies from top-down and bottom-up perspectives, focusing on Germany and two selected regions: Hamburg and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. The contributors employed a broad range of methods, including an overlapping-generations model for Germany, regional input-output models, an energy systems model, and a spatial model of the transportation infrastructure of the selected regions. Demography and Infrastructure
|Global innovation in the development of CCS technologies and opportunities|
use and recycling of CO2
Wilhelm Kuckshinrichs, Peter Markewitz, Jochen Linssen, Petra Zapp
IEF-STE, Forschungszentrum Jülich
Martina Peters, Burkhard Köhler, Thomas E. Müller, Walter Leitner
ITMC, CAT Catalytic Center, RWTH Aachen University
Schriften des Forschungszentrums Jülich, Reihe Energie&Umwelt/Energy&Environment, Band 60, ISBN 978-3-89336-617-0
|As part of a study commissioned by the Federal Ministry of Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi), we outline the current status of the development of methods for CO2 separation and transport. This includes aspects related to the purity of the separated carbon dioxide as well as issues of CO2 separation and transport relevant for the energy economy and the environment. Today, carbon dioxide is already used as a raw material for the production of numerous industrial products. Nevertheless, the amounts of CO2 utilized today are very small compared to the CO2 currently emitted. The study explores the question of further options for use and the R&D activities required to implement them. The study has been published in the Energy & Environment series of Forschungszentrum Jülich's publishing house and can be downloaded as a PDF file.|