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Experimental and Annual Reports

The JCNS annual report 2009 – 2011 can be downloaded here  JCNS Report 2009-2011 (PDF, 7 MB)


Recently Achieved Scientific Highlights with JCNS-Instruments


Instrument DNS

Short-range Spin Correlations in Molecular Magnet {Mo72Fe30}
Z. Fu1, P. Kögerler2, U. Rücker3, Y. Su1, R. Mittal1, Th. Brückel3

1Jülich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS, Outstation at FRM II
2Institute für Anorganische Chemie, RWTH Aachen University
3Jülich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS-2 and Peter Grünberg Institut PGI-4

The spin-frustrated molecular magnets have attracted intense interest. As a molecular analogue of the kagome lattice, {Mo72Fe30} is one of the largest molecular magnets synthesized to date and represents a  highly  frustrated  spin structure.  We  investigated the magnetic ground state of {Mo72Fe30} by means of diffuse neutron scattering with polarization analysis. We explain the obtained magnetic diffuse scattering successfully within a three-sublattice spin model, which therefore proves to be a good approach to the magnetic ground state of {Mo72Fe30}.

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Instrument J-NSE

Acceleration of Membrane Dynamics Adjacent to a Wall

H. Frielinghaus1, M. Kerscher1, O. Holderer1, M. Monkenbusch1, D. Richter1
1JCNS: Jülich Centre for Neutron Science

The dynamics of a lamellar induced microemulsion adjacent to a planar hydrophilic surface (45ns) were found to be three times faster com- pared to the bicontinuous bulk structure (133ns). For these investigations the Grazing Incidence technique for Neutron Spin Echo Spectroscopy (GINSES) has been developed to resolve the depth dependent near surface dynamics. The observation is rationalized in terms of membrane hydrodynamics, where the surface reflected flow fields lead to a cross over from classical to confined fluctuations, and faster dynamics on large length scales (also known as ʻlubricationʼ) are predicted.

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Instrument SPHERES

Hydrogen Release from Sodium Alanate Observed by Time-resolved Neutron Backscattering

Aline Léon1, Joachim Wuttke2
1 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Nanotechnology
2 JCNS: Jülich Centre for Neutron Science

Time-resolved quasielastic measurements on the backscattering spectrometer SPHERES were used to monitor the decomposition kinetics of sodium alanate, NaAlH4  →Na3AlH6 → NaH.
Both reaction steps were found to be accelerated by autocatalysis, most likely at the surfaces of Na3AlH6 and NaH crystallites.

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Instrument KWS 1

 Supramolecular Assemblies Through Combining Noncovalent Interactions

 F. Gröhn1, C. Ruthard2, U. Kolb3, G. Gröger4, C. Schmuck4, H. Frielinghaus5
1 Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy & Interdisciplinary Center for Molecular Materials (ICMM), University Erlangen-Nürnberg
2 Max Planck institute for Polymer Research, Mainz, Germany
3 Institute for Physical Chemistry, University Mainz, Germany
4 Institute for Organic Chemistry, University Duisburg-Essen, Germany
5 JCNS: Jülich Centre for Neutron Science

Supramolecular nanoscale assemblies have great potential in fields ranging from medicine to nanotechnology. It is thus of interest to develop new concepts towards self-assembly. In particular the combination of different types of interactions has not yet been fully exploited for a targeted supramolecular nano-assembly design. Herein, we describe the formation of polyelectrolyte-porphyrin networks in aqueous solution based on a combination of ionic and π−π interaction. In a second system, the interaction of a self-complementary bis-zwitterion motif is combined with metal coordination for the formation of pH-responsive supramolecular polymers from low-molecular mass building blocks. In both cases, small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) played a crucial role.

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Instrument KWS 2

 Investigation of Ruthenium-Based Complexes for Anti-Cancer Therapy

L. Paduano1, M. Vaccaro2, G. Mangiapia1, A. Radulescu3, H. Frielinghaus3
1University of Naples “Federico II”, Department of Chemistry – CSGI Consorzio per lo Sviluppo dei Sistemi a Grande Interfase
2Procter and Gamble, Cobalt 3, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
3JCNS: Jülich Centre for Neutron Science

A series of amphiphilic ruthenium-based molecules with potential anti-cancer activity has been synthesized and characterized. The SANS investigations at KWS-2 have revealed a rich variety of aggregates, spanning from vesicles to cubic bicontinuous phases, with a good antiproliferative activity.

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Here you find the electronic (PDF) versions of the reports of experiments performed at the research reactor FRJ-2 in Jülich. If you prefer a printed version of these report collections please send an e-mail to:


We thank all external users, local users, and instrument responsibles who contributed to this overview by their efforts to write the reports!




Experimental Reports 2002
Experimental Reports 2003
Experimental Reports 2004
Experimental Reports 2005/6
Experimental Reports 2007/8