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Electronic Properties of Metals and Semiconductors

Electronic Properties

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The behavior of electrons in a solid or liquid is the microscopic basis for the chemistry and for most of the physical properties of solids and surfaces. This behavior is being investigated quantum-theoretically. Experimentally observed properties will be related and explained, and predictions for new features are being made. - Basic methods are density-functional computer calculations. See also our Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker (KKR) activity.

Electronic Density near Defect

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The charge-density or density of electrons in a solid is a function of the three spatial coordinates only. From this function the electronic ground-state energy can be calulated, and consequently the positions of all atoms in the solid and the forces between them. - We show here the depletion of charge-density around a socalled "V-" vacancy in Silicon ( density ''rho'' within a (110)-plane).

(H. Hoehler, P.H. Dederichs).


Adatoms of As on a Silicon-Surface

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Computer-calculations by pseudopotential-methods allow us to calculate atomistic details of semiconductor surfaces. We show here the cloud of electrons around the ionic cores of a silicon-crystal covered with an As-layer (Si-111-surface).

(A.Antons, S. Bluegel, K. Schroeder; U. Funk-Kath, M. Boltes, Hel. Schumacher).



Complex Band Structure and Tunneling through Insulators

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We investigate the importance of Metal-induced Gap States for the tunneling of metal electrons through insulator films. By introducing an imaginary part to the wavevector in order to describe the decay of the wavefunction in the insulator, we obtain the complex band structure in the gap region. The spectrum of the decay parameters is calculated for the semiconductors Si, Ge, GaAs, and ZnSe. In most cases, for large enough film thicknesses the tunneling is dominated by states of normal incidence on the interface; possible exceptions are considered. Based on our conclusions, we discuss the spin-dependent tunneling in Fe/Semiconductor/Fe (001) junctions.

(Mavropoulos M.; Papanikolaou N.; Dederichs P.H.; Complex Bandstructure and Tunneling through Ferromagnet/ Insulator/ Ferromagnet Junctions, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1088 (2000).


"Hot Spots" in Tunneling Magnetoresistance

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Ab initio calculations of the tunneling magnetoresistance show spectacular spikes in the k-parallel-resolved conductance, as is here indicated for the conductance of a Co|Vacuum|Co junction with parallel aligned moments. The majority electrons tunnel through the barrier like free electrons with a maximum transmission at the Gamma-bar point (e.g. perpendicular incidence on the barrier). But for discrete k-parallel-values, identical with the occurrence of interface states, the minority electrons can transverse the barrier without any attenuation. The origin and the behaviour of these "hot spots" are explained in detail by means of a simple analytical model and by ab initio calculations.

(O. Wunnicke, N. Papanikolaou, R. Zeller, P.H. Dederichs, V. Drchal, and J. Kudrnovsky: Effects of Resonant Interface States on Tunneling Magnetoresistance, submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.).


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