Let's move!

Biotechnology is regarded as one of the key technologies of the 21st century. It is a motor for the international competitiveness of Germany’s economy and makes an important contribution to the bioeconomy. Our author Katja Lüers visited the biotechnologist Prof. Wolfgang Wiechert at Forschungszentrum Jülich and talked with him about current developments and prospects of the so-called white biotechnology.

Statement by Prof. Katrin Amunts on the use of the molecular genetic scissors CRISPR/Cas9 in two girls

According to the researcher Jiankui He from Shenzhen University in China, the first humans to have been genetically manipulated using the CRISPR/Cas9 molecular genetic scissors were born in November. In two girls, a gene for a receptor of the immune system was purposefully removed in the embryonic stage in order to make them resistant to HIV infections. They will also pass this change on to their descendants.

Lasers for Everyone!

A new family member for Jülich’s scientific infrastructure: JuSPARC is a milestone for information science and materials science at Forschungszentrum Jülich. In the long run, JuSPARC will be established as a user facility. Eventually, particle acceleration will also be possible there.

Climate target of 1.5 °C – everybody is called upon!

On 8 October, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published its special report on the 1.5 °C climate target. The tenor of the report: it’s urgent! Prof. Astrid Kiendler-Scharr, Director of the Jülich Institute of Energy and Climate Research, contributed to the report as an expert. We asked her for her assessment.

Diesel Controversy: “Retrofitting alone is hardly enough to meet the limits in cities.”

In view of the impending driving bans, various solutions for diesel passenger cars are currently under discussion. Dr. Franz Rohrer from Forschungszentrum Jülich doubts that these measures alone will be sufficient to comply with the limit values in large German city centres. For over 20 years, he and his colleagues have been researching how emissions from transport affect air quality.

AI in the Service of Science

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is revolutionising many areas of life and knowledge. Jülich researchers, too, are increasingly using certain types of artificial intelligence such as machine learning. AI applications can help to better understand the functioning of the brain, to accelerate the development of new materials or predict environmental and climate data.

A quantum leap for quantum technology

The quantum technology flagship of the European Commission was launched in October 2018. Spanning ten years, the research programme will use grants totalling one billion euros to promote the development of products based on the rules of the exotic quantum world. Our author talked to the physicist Tommaso Calarco about the content orientation of the flagship programme’s first funding round.

Unprecedented Insight into the Sun’s Fusion Reactor

Scientists from the Borexino Collaboration have published the most comprehensive analysis to date of neutrinos from the nuclear fusion process inside the sun. With the aid of the observatory located 1,400 metres below the Earth’s surface, they were able to obtain a complete solar neutrino spectrum and clearly detect neutrinos from a previously unconfirmed reaction for the first time.

Self-testing the energy turnaround

The Jülich campus becomes a real laboratory for energy transition. The aim of the Living Lab Energy Campus (LLEC) project is to investigate the interactions between technology, energy sources and consumers in order to design practical and scalable solutions.

Brain Simulations on Neuromorphic Computers

Scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich recently carried out the largest simulation of a neural network on a SpiNNaker system to date. In the interview, Dr. Sacha van Albada talks about the results of her work, which were published in the journal Frontiers in Neuroscience.

Blätterfunktion

Diesel Controversy: “Retrofitting alone is hardly enough to meet the limits in cities.”

In view of the impending driving bans, various solutions for diesel passenger cars are currently under discussion. Dr. Franz Rohrer from Forschungszentrum Jülich doubts that these measures alone will be sufficient to comply with the limit values in large German city centres. For over 20 years, he and his colleagues have been researching how emissions from transport affect air quality.