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IAS Seminar "Training a quantum system to represent classical data"

17 Oct 2019 14:00
17 Oct 2019 15:00
Jülich Supercomputing Centre, Rotunda, building 16.4, room 301
Prof. Dr. H.J. (Bert) Kappen, SNN Machine Learning Group, Donders Institute Brain Cognition and Behavior, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Machine learning is all about representing data in high dimensional probability models. A key computational bottleneck is the statistical inference, to compute statistics in these models, which is often done by time consuming Monte Carlo sampling. In principle, quantum systems could provide an alternative for these computations. If one can implement a probability distribution in the quantum state, the statistics can be obtained by repeated measurement and thus accellerate the inference computation. This could potentially be realized by a form of Noisy Intermediate-Scale Quantum (NISQ) technology. In this talk we show how the quantum Boltzmann machine (QBM) can represent a classical data distribution as the ground state of a quantum Hamiltonian system. The QBM can learn many more supervised and unsupervised problems than the classical Boltzmann Machine. In addition to computational efficiency, the quantum implementation may also yield novel functionality. The quantum state represents quantum statistics that result from entanglement and signal non-local events that violate the Bell inequality and increase the mutual information between subsystems. At the same time, these statistics are fully consistent with the learned classical data distribution. We propose to investigate how these quantum features can be exploited in machine learning applications.
Thursday, 17 October 2019, 14:00
JSC, Rotunda, building 16.4, room 301

Bert Kappen was invited by Prof. Kristel Michielsen (JSC).