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Institute of Bio- and Geosciences

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Prof. Choo Kien Wong, Applied Agricultural Resources Sdn. Bhd. Malaysia

"Phenotyping Challenges in Oil Palm Crop Improvement"

07.03.2016 13:30 Uhr
07.03.2016 14:30 Uhr
Forschungszentrum Jülich, Gebäude 06.2 IBG-2, Seminarraum 406, 2.Stock

Oil Palm is a perennial tree crop which had an economical life span of about 25 years. Hence, oil palm breeding cycle is long. A breeding cycle will usually takes about 10 years or more, depending on the objectives and the approaches of the breeding program. Apart from long breeding cycle, being a tree crop, oil palm takes up large planting space; The common planting density is 138 palms per ha. In addition, the economically important trait in oil palm is its bunch and bunch components. The former is bulky, non seasonal and requires manual harvesting, while the latter is tedious in characterising. Therefore, traditional crop improvement in oil palm – classical planting breeding, is usually expensive. Various biotechnology base crop improvement approaches being integrated and show good results, into traditional plant breeding in order to improve its efficiency in time and in cost e.g. tissue culture and molecular marker assisted selection. As engineering base technologies are actively being integrated and show maturity, into crop improvement for many other annual crops, opportunity of integrating this discipline into oil palm crop improvement is sought, with possible extension to the production of oil palm seeds, tissue culture plantlets, agronomy diagnosis e.g. plant health and nutrition status, and oil palm plantation management e.g. pest and disease management, crop ripeness standards and etc.

Contact person: U. Schurr, Ralf Metzner