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PGI Kolloquium:

Prof. Dr. Didier Blavette,
Normandie University, Rouen, France

PGI Lecture Hall, Building 04.8, 2nd Floor, Room 365

24.06.2016 11:00 Uhr

Atom-probe tomography and nanosciences

The design of Atom probe tomography (APT) at Oxford and Rouen universities for 25 years ago has been an outstanding breakthrough in the microscopy world. APT is the only analytical microscope able to provide 3D images of a material at the atomic scale [1].

Because of its ultimate spatial resolution (0.1 nm in depth, a few tenths of a nm at the sample surface), combined with its quantitativity in composition measurements, APT has played a major role for the investigation of the segregation of impurities to crystal defects or of the early stages of phase separation in solids. APT was the first to show Cottrell atmospheres (tiny clouds of impurity atoms around dislocations in crystals) at the atomic-scale in the dimensions of space [2].

A new breakthrough has been achieved ten years ago with the implementation of ultrafast pulsed laser (duration < 1ps) to atom probe tomography [3]. This new generation of instrument, designed in our lab and abroad, has made it possible the analysis of semi-conductors and oxides that are key materials in micro-electronics and nanosciences [4]. This major innovation with the use of FIB ion milling (focused ion beam) to prepare samples in the region of interest opened a new insight to many fields of nanoscience related to nano-wires [5], nanostructured magnetic thin films [6], heavily-doped ultra-shallow junctions in microelectronics [7]. One of the biggest challenges is the atomic-scale reconstruction of MOSFET transistors [8,9]. Unique capabilities of atom probe tomography in nanoscience and salient findings will be highlighted on the basis of some selected illustrations. 3D APT reconstructions related to phase separation in GeMn self-organised thin films will be confronted to atomistic Kinetic Monte Carlo simulations conducted on rigid lattice [6].

[1] D. Blavette, A. Bostel, J.M. Sarrau, B. Deconihout and A. Menand, 1993, Nature 363, 432
[2] D. Blavette, E. Cadel, A. Fraczkiewicz, A. Menand, 1999, Science 17, 2317
[3] B. Gault, F. Vurpillot, A. Vella, M. Gilbert, A. Menand, D. Blavette, B., 2006, Rev. Sci. Instr. 77, 043705
[4] S. Duguay, T. Philippe, F. Cristiano, D. Blavette, Applied Physics Letter (2010) 97, 242104
[5] W. Chen et al. JAP, 111, 094909-094916
[6] I. Mouton, R, Larde, E. Talbot, C. Pareige, D. Blavette, JAP 115, 053515 (2014)
[7] Yang Qiu, Fuccio Cristiano, Karim Huet, Fulvio Mazzamuto, Giuseppe Fisicaro, Antonino La Magna, Maurice Quillec, Nikolay Cherkashin, Huiyuan Wang, Sébastien Duguay, and Didier Blavette, Nanoletters (2014) DOI: 10.1021/nl4042438
[8] R Estivill, M Juhel, M Gregoire, A Grenier, V Delaye, D Blavette , Scripta Materialia (2015)113, 231-235
[9] A. Grenier, R. Serra, G. Audoit, Jp Barnes, S. Duguay, D. Blavette, N. Rolland, F. Vurpillot, P. Morin, P. Gouraud, Applied Physics Letters 106, 213102 (2015); doi: 10.1063/1.4921352


Dr. Martina Luysberg
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