Ground-based active and passive microwave remote sensing

Knowledge of spatiotemporal distribution of soil moisture is essential as it represents a key variable in many hydrological, climatological, and environmental processes. Microwave remote sensing offers the potential to accurately monitor surface soil moisture over large areas. In this context, our main research focus is to develop and evaluate new forward and inverse modeling approaches for soil moisture retrieval using active and passive microwave systems. Ground-based microwave systems are of particular interest to characterize the within variability of field-scale soil moisture and also to improve and validate soil moisture products obtained from spaceborne remote sensing. Both active and passive ground-based systems are either placed on mobile platforms (truck, quad) or fixed platforms (arc, tower, and crane). For passive microwave measurements, three L-band radiometers are available at the Agrosphere Institute, namely, ELBARA II, ELBARA III, and JÜLBARA. For active measurements, the radar system used consists of a vector network analyzer (VNA) connected to an ultrawideband monostatic horn antenna.

Research topics:

  • Surface soil moisture retrieval using L-band radiometer and ground-penetrating radar (GPR).

Ground-based active and passive microwave remote sensing
  • Development of algorithms accounting for vegetation and soil surface roughness in the inversion of radiometer and radar data for accurate soil moisture retrieval.

  • Ground-based active and passive microwave remote sensing
  • Soil hydraulic properties retrieval using microwave remote sensing based on a well-controlled outdoor setup.

  • Ground-based active and passive microwave remote sensing
    • Characterization of crop canopies and water stress related phenomena using microwave remote sensing methods.
    Ground-based active and passive microwave remote sensing
    • Calibration and validation activities associated with ESA’s Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission launched in 2009 and NASA’s Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission launched in 2015.
    Ground-based active and passive microwave remote sensing

    Relevant publications:

    Dimitrov M., Vanderborght J., Kostov K.G., Debecker B., Schulze Lammers P., Damerow L., Vereecken H. 2015. Soil hydraulic parameters of bare soil plots with different soil structure inversely derived from L-band brightness temperatures. Vadose Zone Journal, 14(8).

    Jonard F., Weihermüller L., Schwank M., Jadoon K. Z., Vereecken H., Lambot S. 2015. Estimation of hydraulic properties of a sandy soil using ground-based active and passive microwave remote sensing. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 53(6): 3095-3109.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2014.2368831

    Dimitrov M., Vanderborght J., Kostov K.G., Jadoon K.Z., Weihermüller L., Jackson T.J., Bindlish R., Pachepsky Y., Schwank M., Vereecken H. 2014. Soil hydraulic parameters and surface soil moisture of a tilled bare soil plot inversely derived from L-band brightness temperatures. Vadose Zone Journal, 13(1).

    Jonard F., Mahmoudzadeh M., Roisin C., Weihermüller L., André F., Minet J., Vereecken H., Lambot S. 2013. Characterization of tillage effects on the spatial variation of soil properties using ground-penetrating radar and electromagnetic induction. Geoderma, 207-208: 310-322.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.05.024

    Montzka C., Bogena H., Weihermüller L., Jonard F., Bouzinac C., Kainulainen J., Balling J. E., Löw A., Dall’Amico J., Rouhe E., Vanderborght J., Vereecken H. 2013. Brightness temperature and soil moisture validation at different scales during the SMOS Validation Campaign in the Rur and Erft catchments, Germany. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 51(3): 1728-1743.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2012.2206031

    Vereecken H., Weihermüller L., Jonard F., Montzka C. 2012. Characterization of crop canopies and water stress related phenomena using microwave remote sensing methods: A review. Vadose Zone Journal, 11(2).

    http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/vzj2011.0138ra

    Jonard F., Weihermüller L., Vereecken H., Lambot S. 2012. Accounting for soil surface roughness in the inversion of ultrawideband off-ground GPR signal for soil moisture retrieval. Geophysics, 77(1): H1-H7.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1190/geo2011-0054.1

    Jonard F., Weihermüller L., Jadoon K. Z., Schwank M., Vereecken H., Lambot S. 2011. Mapping field-scale soil moisture with L-band radiometer and ground-penetrating radar over bare soil. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 49(8): 2863-2875.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2011.2114890



    Contact:

    Dr. François Jonard

    Agrosphere (IBG-3)
    Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH
    Wilhelm-Johnen-Straße
    52428 Jülich, Germany
    Phone: +49-2461-619518
    Fax: +49-2461-612518
    E-mail: f.jonard@fz-juelich.de



    Dr. Lutz Weihermüller



    Phone: +49-2461-618669
    E-mail: l.weihermueller@fz-juelich.de

    Last Modified: 25.05.2022