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BioSC Competence Platform Transform2Bio: Integrated Transformation Processes and Their Regional Implementations: Structural Change from Fossil Economy to Bioeconomy

Ensuring the well-being of current and future generations without surpassing environmental limits is an overarching objective of the sustainable bioeconomy concept. Achieving this objective will require major transformations of existing resource systems, value networks, business models, infrastructures and governance systems. The recent decision of the German government to phase-out coal mining will initiate major transition processes in the lignite mining region, the Rheinische Revier, creating a unique opportunity for understanding the socio-technical dynamics and implementation options towards an entire sustainable bioeconomy region. As part of this multi-dimensional approach, Transform2Bio will establish an interactive stakeholder network, the Stakes2Bio Lab. More: BioSC Competence Platform Transform2Bio: Integrated Transformation Processes and Their Regional Implementations: Structural Change from Fossil Economy to Bioeconomy …

Helmholtz Initiative Climate Adaptation and Mitigation: Two Sides of the same Coin (HI-CAM)

Das Vorhaben bündelt die HGF-Expertise in den Forschungsbereichen Energie und Klima. Es zielt darauf ab, wissenschaftlich basierte Handlungsempfehlungen für Entscheidungsträger in Politik und Forschung zu formulieren. Die Zusammenarbeit von Wissenschaft und Stakeholdern ist in drei Cluster aufgeteilt: (1) Climate Adaptation, (2) Climate Mitigation und (3) Communication. Der Fokus hier liegt auf dem Cluster Climate Mitigation, welches sich auf die Entwicklung von Energieszenarien für ein C-neutrales Deutschland in 2050 konzentriert. More: Helmholtz Initiative Climate Adaptation and Mitigation: Two Sides of the same Coin (HI-CAM) …

Helmholtz School for Data Science in Life, Earth and Energy (HDS-LEE)

The Helmholtz School for Data Science in Life, Earth and Energy (HDS-LEE) provides an interdisciplinary environment for educating the next generation of data scientists in close connection with applications in biology, geosciences and energy sciences. The participating PhD students at IEK-STE work at the interface of statistics, computer science and energy system analysis. They analyze large heterogeneous data sets from power system dynamics, energy market trading and energy meteorology to improve the operation of future energy systems. More: Helmholtz School for Data Science in Life, Earth and Energy (HDS-LEE) …

Collective Nonlinear Dynamics of Complex Power Grids (CoNDyNet2)

The project CoNDyNet addresses fundamental aspects of stability, reliability and efficiency of future power grids. The participating research institutes combine basic sciences in the fields of dynamical systems and network science with laboratory experiments, scenario analysis and industrial applications. Within this project, IEK-STE investigates aspects of voltage stability and N-x-stability and analyzes empirical data sets on power grid operation. More: Collective Nonlinear Dynamics of Complex Power Grids (CoNDyNet2) …

Economics of Climate Change – Transformation of the energy system towards sustainability focusing on community-based activities (REsCO)

In Germany, major efforts have been made to achieve a sustainable transformation of the energy system. However, it is becoming more and more obvious that Germany will miss the GHG emission reduction targets set out in the "Energiewende" policy. In particular, in the "private households" sector, progress is slower than hoped for. In this project, new insights will be gained showing to what extent, by taking the social context into account, private households can be motivated to participate more actively in a transformation of the energy system. More: Economics of Climate Change – Transformation of the energy system towards sustainability focusing on community-based activities (REsCO) …

Center of excellence “Virtual Institute - Power to Gas and Heat” (KoVI SGW)

The center of excellence “Virtual Institute - Power to Gas and Heat” brings together the expertise of various research institutions in North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) to explore cross-sectoral flexibility options in the future energy system. Different Power-to-X technologies will be investigated analytically and on the basis of a jointly operated experimental demonstration plant. At an aggregate level, analysis is carried out which evaluates flexibility options responding to competing priorities, namely the energy grid, system and market. The work of IEK-STE focuses on life cycle and process chain-based assessments of environmental impacts and costs. More: Center of excellence “Virtual Institute - Power to Gas and Heat” (KoVI SGW) …

Trends of urbanization: the “Energiewende” in North Rhine-Westphalia and its implications for urban and rural areas (EnerUrb)

The research project “EnerUrb” targets the urban and rural implications of the “Energiewende” from a political, social, and cultural perspective with a specific focus on the water-energy-food nexus. It analyzes non-technical aspects of the “Energiewende” with regard to current trends of urbanization and aims to positively impact a transformation towards sustainable development. The project portfolio explicitly emphasizes participatory methods in order to engage local communities. These methods do not only allow for a deeper understanding of public values regarding current trends but also for an active integration of the general public into the research project as called for by the ‘science of transformation’ concept. More: Trends of urbanization: the “Energiewende” in North Rhine-Westphalia and its implications for urban and rural areas (EnerUrb) …

Energiesystemintegration – Modelle für die Energiesysteme der Zukunft (ESI)

Die Herausforderung der Energiewende erfordert unter anderem eine intelligente Vernetzung der verschiedenen Komponenten unserer Energiesysteme. Das sektorenübergreifende Zusammenwirken zwischen den einzelnen Energiesystemkomponenten, beispielsweise den Erzeugern, den Speichermöglichkeiten, den Verbrauchern und verschiedenen Transportsystemen, sind bisher nur unzureichend berücksichtigt. Aus diesem Grund konzentriert sich das Projekt Energiesystemintegration im Kern auf die technologischen und ökonomischen Wechselwirkungen der Energiesystemkomponenten. Ziel des Forschungsprojektes ist es, ein umweltverträgliches, ressourceneffizientes, flexibles und gleichzeitig stabiles Energiesystem der Zukunft zu gestalten. Eine Besonderheit des Projekts ist die Integration von Prozessen der metallverarbeitenden, zementverarbeitenden und petrochemischen Industrie. More: Energiesystemintegration – Modelle für die Energiesysteme der Zukunft (ESI) …

Virtual Institute Smart Energy (VISE): Development of Digital Business Models for Decentralised Energy Supply – (Regional) Virtual Power Plants

With a growing share of fluctuating renewable generation, the demand for flexibility allowing the balancing of electricity supply and demand increases. Virtual Power Plants (VPP) play an important role as an option to provide the required flexibility. The concept of VPPs is based on coupling decentralised units such as generation plants, storage systems and dispatchable loads. By aggregating and controlling the decentralised units, they become capable of providing demand-driven power supply. The project goal consists of identifying and analysing new digital business models in an increasingly decentralised energy supply system. More: Virtual Institute Smart Energy (VISE): Development of Digital Business Models for Decentralised Energy Supply – (Regional) Virtual Power Plants …

Virtual Institute Smart Energy (VISE): Development of digital business models for a decentralized energy supply – Households

Energy utility companies and energy service providers only have limited information when determining the energy demand of their customers, particularly households. A detailed analysis of the expectations and requirements of private energy consumers is essential for a successful technological diffusion and provides a platform for developing new business models. This project aims to analyze the readiness of households to invest in and use such new technologies. More: Virtual Institute Smart Energy (VISE): Development of digital business models for a decentralized energy supply – Households …

Energy System 2050 - Sustainability Assessment

“Energy System 2050” is a joint initiative of the Helmholtz Association’s energy research field. It is aimed at improving the concrete understanding of energy systems and at developing technological solutions useful for policy makers and industry. The initiative explores the integration of key technological elements into the energy system and investigates solutions to integrate the partially fluctuating renewable energy sources successfully into German and European energy systems. Its five selected research topics address fundamental challenges of the Energiewende:
1. Storage and grids
2. Bioenergy
3. Hydrogen-based energy and resource pathways
4. Life-cycle-oriented sustainability analysis at system level
5. Toolbox and data models More: Energy System 2050 - Sustainability Assessment …

Integration of next Generation Biosurfactant Production into Biorefinery Processes (Bio²)

Bio² (Biosurfactant Biorefinery) aims at the development of a competitive biorefinery process for the production of rhamnolipids (RLs) and mannosylerythritol lipids (MELs). In the spirit of a sustainable bioeconomy, the process is based on waste products of the food industry. An inter-disciplinary approach is used to assess social-economic and ecological aspects along the entire production chain starting with new cultivation concepts through to the integration of downstream processing. More: Integration of next Generation Biosurfactant Production into Biorefinery Processes (Bio²) …

Accelerating Low- carbon Industrial Growth through CCUS (ALIGN-CCUS)

The ALIGN-CCUS project brings together 30 science and industry partners from five countries in a shared goal to support the quick and cost-effective deployment of CO2 capture, use and storage. Within ALIGN-CCUS, a demonstration plant for CO2 separation and subsequent synthesis of the diesel substitute fuel dimethlyether from the separated CO2 and renewably generated H2 via electrolysis will be built. The use of this fuel for electricity generation as well as for transport is also being tested. On the basis of the real data of the demonstrated CCU chain, a technical-economic-ecological evaluation is carried out. More: Accelerating Low- carbon Industrial Growth through CCUS (ALIGN-CCUS) …

Harmonization and development of methods for modelling of energy demands in spatial and temporal resolutions (DemandRegio)

The aim of the project is the development of harmonized methods for the transparent derivation of temporally and spatially resolved time series of the German electricity and gas demands. Based on extensive data research and the integration of available energy statistics, energy demand drivers are identified that allow both a temporal and a spatial disaggregation. In addition to an approximation of historical values, the project focuses on the development of forward-looking scenarios. The project contributes to the comparison of input data used in different approaches and to the reduction of uncertainty relating to data. This will enable a reliable comparison of different model and scenario results in the future. More: Harmonization and development of methods for modelling of energy demands in spatial and temporal resolutions (DemandRegio) …

Research Network for the Development of New Methods in Energy System Modeling (4NEMO)

The project aims at an extended integration of economic and social dynamics and related uncertainties into energy system models. For this purpose, existing models will be developed further in order to allow for a better comparison between models. Moreover, a model comparison exercise will be conducted. Respective results will be used to show strengths, weaknesses and comparative advantages of the different models and to improve transparency in energy-system modeling. More: Research Network for the Development of New Methods in Energy System Modeling (4NEMO) …

Development, validation und implementation of Power-to-X-Concepts (Kopernikus P2X)

The aim of the project is the development and analysis of novel technologies that use electricity from renewable energy, water and carbon dioxide to produce material and energy sources for further use in the transport, energy and chemical sectors. This energy can thus be used in the form of tailor-made fuels for motor vehicles or in improved plastics and chemical products with high added value, thus significantly reducing the use of fossil-fuel based raw materials. A consortium of 18 research institutions, 27 industrial companies and three civil society bodies will develop new technologies to industrial maturity within ten years and thus contribute to the transformation of the energy system. More: Development, validation und implementation of Power-to-X-Concepts (Kopernikus P2X) …

Versorgungssicherheit durch Zusammenwirken von regenerativer und konventioneller Stromerzeugung (Verekon)

Das Vorhaben vergleicht unterschiedliche Technologiekombinationen aus regenerativer und konventioneller Stromerzeugung inkl. Speicherung hinsichtlich einer gesicherten Bereitstellung von 1.000 MW Elektrizität. Die Bewertung von Technikkombinationen zur gesicherten Bereitstellung der geforderten Leistung erfolgt im Rahmen eines Szenarioprozesses anhand der Kriterien Stromgestehungskosten und spezifische CO2-Emissionen. Dabei werden regionale Nord-Süd-Unterschiede berücksichtigt. More: Versorgungssicherheit durch Zusammenwirken von regenerativer und konventioneller Stromerzeugung (Verekon) …

Energy System 2050 – Storage and Grids

Within the joint initiative Energy system 2050, we study future energy networks and storage systems. IEK-STE develops models for electric power transmission grids, gas grid and power plant unit commitment together with partners from several Helmholtz centers. In addition, we analyze the stability and robustness of power grids using analytic methods, numerical simulations and the analysis of empirical datasets. More: Energy System 2050 – Storage and Grids …

Efficiency, Emergence and Economics of Future Supply Networks (E3-NET)

The Helmholtz Young Investigator’s group E3-NET analyses the dynamics, stability and efficiency of future supply networks. We combine modern mathematical methods from network science and statistical physics with actual challenges of the energy transition. Which risks threaten the stability of our energy supply, how can we understand them theoretically and how can we avoid them? More: Efficiency, Emergence and Economics of Future Supply Networks (E3-NET) …


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