ESS Department of Instrumentation
In its role as the most powerful neutron source in the world, the European Spallation Source ESS aims to provide scientists from a wide range of disciplines, such as materials science, magnetism, and geology down to soft matter and biology, with neutrons for experiments to address the scientific and social challenges of the future.
This major European project has been given priority status on the roadmap of the European Strategy Forum for Research Infrastructures (ESFRI). The total costs of the ESS, to be built in Lund, Sweden, will be in the region of 1.5 billion Euros. Currently, 17 European countries are involved in the project.
Since 2009, the project has been in the Design-Update Phase. Following a construction phase of approximately six years, the ESS should be brought on line in 2019 with a total of 7 instruments. After this, the Completion Phase is due to begin, in which the rest of the instruments will be installed and tested. It is planned that the facility, complete with all its instruments, will be fully operational by 2025.
The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, BMBF) welcomes and supports a strong German presence and an active contribution to the establishment of the ESS.
Instruments for the most powerful source in the world
Forschungszentrum Jülich heads the ESS Design-Update project in Germany and provides the largest German contribution within the ESS Design-Update Phase. Jülich can look back on a long history in neutron research and the development of instruments and spallation sources. At Forschungszentrum Jülich, work will be undertaken both on the target and the instruments along with their components within the framework of the Design-Update Phase. Funded in part by the BMBF in the Design-Update Phase, development work on the concept and design of high-performance instruments will take place in the ESS Department of Instrumentation.
In this way, staff of this department will benefit greatly from the long years of experience and know-how of colleagues from JCNS-1 and JCNS-2, as well as the JCNS outstations at the research reactor FRM II, the SNS in Oak Ridge, USA, and the ILL in Grenoble, France.