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Biotechnology uses microbiological, biochemical, genetic, and computer-assisted methods to develop microbial processes for the conversion of matter and the development of new biocatalysts. It thus performs research in industrial or white biotechnology, a core area of the bioeconomy.

Priorities are the development and analysis of microbial production strains that can be used in a variety of ways to manufacture industrially or pharmaceutically relevant substances (e.g. amino acids or organic acids) from renewable raw materials and, on this basis, the development of technical production processes. An extensive bioanalytical platform (transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, fluxomics) serves as the foundation for a systems biology approach. In addition to the established approach of metabolic engineering, methods of synthetic biology, single-cell analysis, as well as modelling and simulation are experiencing increasing use in microbial strain development.