Focused Activities Throughout the World
Outstations in Garching, Grenoble, and Oak Ridge
Forschungszentrum Jülich is focusing its expertise in neutron research at the Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS) and maintains outstations at Germany’s most powerful neutron source, FRM II, in Garching near Munich, as well as at the very high flux reactor in Grenoble, France, and at the world’s strongest spallation neutron source, SNS at Oak Ridge, USA.
At SNS, Forschungszentrum Jülich is the only research institution outside North America that has set up and has sole responsibility for operating its own instrument. The neutron spin echo (NSE) spectrometer operated by Forschungszentrum Jülich in Oak Ridge is the very first NSE at a spallation source and has been, realized with unique technical innovations e.g. special superconducting magnetic coils.Using this spectrometer, scientists can identify movements inside proteins in the nanometre range, which determine their functions. Furthermore, they can investigate the molecular redistributions in polymers which define their mechanical properties and their processibility.
European Spallation Source in Lund
In 2019, the European Spallation Source (ESS), a joint project of 17 European countries, will start operations, initially with 7 instruments. It will generate the world’s most intensive neutron pulses and permit unique insights to be gained into matter for basic research and application-oriented research. The construction start is scheduled for 2013, and plans call for the number of instruments to be increased to 22 by 2025. The ESS Competence Centre founded in 2011 at Forschungszentrum Jülich coordinates the contributions for planning and constructing ESS, which are developed by the Jülich Centre for Neutron Science, the Central Institute for Technology, and the Central Institute for Electronics. ESS aims to be both a scientific leader as well as a pioneer with respect to energy consumption. The aim is to develop a CO2-neutral energy management system at the facility, making it the first large-scale plant of this kind.