Fuel synthesis (CKS & VKS)
Although electrification of the drive train in the passenger car mass market by means of batteries and electric motors is likely to progress rapidly in the coming years (due to advantageous political framework conditions), there will still be a high demand for green and sustainable fuels in sectors that involve the long-distance transport of large volumes (hard-to-decarbonize sectors). This applies to large cargo ships or long-haul aircraft, for example. Green and sustainable fuels can be synthesized on the basis of carbon dioxide – separated from the air, biogenic sources, or industrial waste gases – and green hydrogen. Examples of such fuels include methanol, ethanol, and dimethyl ether. Green hydrogen is produced through water electrolysis, which uses electricity from photovoltaic or wind systems. At IEK-14, the scientific departments “Chemistry of Fuel Synthesis” and “Process Engineering Fuel Synthesis” focus on the synthesis of green, sustainable fuels. IEK-14 thus contributes to reducing carbon dioxide emissions in the transport sector and to structural change in the Rhineland region.