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Nuclear Safeguards and Security

Safeguards are activities by which the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), in accordance with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), can verify that a State is in compliance with its international commitments not to use nuclear programmes for nuclear weapons purposes. In order to implement safeguards efficiently and effectively, the IAEA needs to deploy ‘state of the art’ tools, techniques, methodologies and expertise. As the IAEA has no dedicated budget for R&D, support from States is required in this regard.

Germany provides R&D support though the German Member State Support Programme. On behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi), IEK-6 is in charge of the scientific coordination of this programme, which typically includes about 20 joint R&D projects with the IAEA. At the same time, IEK-6 is also the principal investigator of many of these projects. In this line, IEK-6 carries out R&D activities in the following areas: Safeguards analytical techniques, systems analysis, geospatial information analysis, sealing systems, and verification concepts.

Recently, the scope of R&D activities at IEK-6 related to nuclear non-proliferation has been extended to also take nuclear security aspects into consideration. Nuclear security measures are put in place to ensure the physical protection of nuclear installations and material. These measures are designed to prevent, detect, and respond to theft, sabotage, unauthorized access, illegal transfer or other malicious acts involving nuclear material, other radioactive substances or their associated facilities. Nuclear safeguards and security are both aimed at securing nuclear materials and preventing nuclear proliferation, including terrorism.

Education and training are also part of the nuclear safeguards and security activities at IEK-6, including partnership in the Horizon2020 project ‘Advanced Networking for Nuclear Education and Training and Transfer of Knowledge’ (ANNETTE).

Finally, national and international consultancy services and committee work is aimed at strengthening the aforementioned coordination and R&D activities. Such committees and organizations include: the IAEA Standing Advisory Group on Safeguards Implementation (SAGSI), the European Safeguards Research and Development Association (ESARDA), the Institute of Nuclear Materials Management (INMM) and the International Partnership for Nuclear Disarmament Verification (IPNDV).

Änderungsanalyse mittels FernerkundungAutomatische Detektion von baulichen Änderungen einer kerntechnischen Anlage mittels Fernerkundung
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Additional Information


Dr. Irmgard Niemeyer

Tel.: +49 2461 61-1762
Fax: +49 2461 61-2450