Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM)
The aim of the INM's research is to develop a realistic, three-dimensional model of the human brain based on brain structure, brain function and dysfunction, each of which change and can be modulated on different time scales. Important instruments used in the INM are innovative neuroimaging, which includes structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET) and multimodal neuroimaging, as well as high-performance computing (HPC) methods which enable to explore the brain as the biological basis of our being and information processing system in a multi-scale approach. The establishment of a realistic and biologically meaningful model of the human brain can be used as an innovative tool in basic research as well as in preclinical and clinical research, thus contributing to the understanding of biological and cognitive information processing.
The INM is involved in the cooperation between Forschungszentrum Jülich and RWTH Aachen University in the JARA│BRAIN section of the Jülich Aachen Research Alliance (JARA) with two institute sections. As part of the European flagship project Human Brain Project, several INM institutes add to the development of a state-of-the-art, information and communications technology-based scientific infrastructure for brain research, cognitive neuroscience and brain-inspired computer technologies. The associated program partnership "Supercomputing and Modeling for the Human Brain" with the Jülich Supercomputing Center aims at enabling the analysis of the brain and its simulation through innovative computing. The SimulationLab Neuroscience contributes to this project as a unifying element. The INM supports FAIR data and is an important partner in the development of research data infrastructures for the neuroscientific community (e.g. JuBrain Cytoarchitectonic Atlas Viewer, DataLad, NEST Initiative).
In the future, the areas of Big Data, Machine Learning and Information Sciences, which lie at the interface between basic as well as clinical research on the one hand and computing in the areas of Exascale and Neuromorphic Computing on the other, will be the main research focus of the INM. The participation in the Helmholtz Artificial Intelligence Cooperation Unit (HAICU; Local for the research field Key Technologies/Information) is of high relevance in this context. As an interdisciplinary platform, HAICU is intended to bring together the Helmholtz Association's outstanding scientific portfolio, excellent infrastructures, unique data sets and high methodological competence to push the Helmholtz Association to the top of AI research.